European Beech: lumber with the maximum degree of versatility

Ukraine has been manufacturing lumber from European Beech for tens of centuries. Harvesting is carried out almost throughout the country, but product quality can vary significantly depending on the location of forest stands.

Delav company supplies beech lumber obtained from mature plantations located in black soil Chernozem regions. Chernozem is not just superbly fertile soil but also special climatic conditions that allow attaining a material with maximum strength, resistance to stress, and health.

Technical characteristics of beech lumber

Beechwood is quite firm and dense: its density varies from 540 to 910 kg⁄m3 but averages 700 kg⁄m3. Which makes it more similar to oak with its 750-780 kg⁄m3 than to common spruce and pine, the density of which does not exceed 550 kg⁄m3. Beech lumber — sawn timber, edge-glued panel, veneer — has a light yellowish color with an even texture.

Lumber is easily recognizable thanks to a dense network of dark spots, which are part of the pattern of annual rings and arise due to a definite direction of spraying. It is exceptionally comfortable to work with it.

Beechwood is superbly suited for sanding, and it doesn’t crack. On the other hand, its wood is sensible to moisture and prone to cracking during improper drying. Though sensitivity does not depend much on humidity — both freshly sawn timber and dried by all rules are quickly struck by a fungus if stored in a too damp room without access to fresh air.

That is why Delav company operates a significant amount of solid and state-of-the-art warehouses that provide the best storage of even a large number of lumber, especially for a beech wood with its critical need for the best possible conditions.
Therefore, it is crucial to buy beech lumber wholesale from a company that compiles all the standards without exceptions to any extent.

Application of beech lumber wholesale

Beech lumber is similar to oakwood in strength but significantly inferior in cost, which explains its widespread use in various fields. The main area of use is furniture production. Beechwood is highly effective in manufacturing plywood, veneer, furniture board, etc.

Beechwood is superbly suited for all types of furniture produced for warm and not too humid conditions: chairs, beds, work, and dining tables, except bathroom furniture and kitchen countertops.

Beech lumber wholesale is the best decision for internal stairs, interior partitions, laying a solid floor, making parquet construction. The handles of most household and garden tools are beechwood. Eco toys for children in 90% of cases are beechwood as well.

However, beechwood is applied cautiously in construction: it requires additional treatment to protect against moisture and can deform under the constant pressure of heavy loads.

Why Chernozem is the best condition for European Beech?

The main reason is fertility. Chernozem soil contains a maximum percent of humus and provides a large amount of nitrogen (100%) and phosphorus (60%), thanks to which the tree is well-nourished throughout the growing period.

It forms a long and straight trunk with a minimum number of knots and becomes more resistant to common diseases, so Chernozem beech has much fewer defects and is less affected by fungi, even if technically they don’t affect the characteristics of lumber.

In addition:

  • Loose soil allows the roots to breathe and gives enough moisture → growth occurs evenly, without any interruptions, which has a positive effect on the density of annual rings and texture.
  • Long periods of low temperatures in winter make the walls of wood cells more stable → along with which the bending, compressive, and splitting strength increases.
  • The significant amount of heat that arises thanks to in-soil chemical flow processes provides better development of European Beech plantations in the Chernozem region.
Chernozem Soil Texture

We bet you didn’t know that about beech

The legendary Viennese chair with a round seat and curved details, authored by the Austrian master Michael Thonet, was made from beechwood. The master discovered that thin beech boards could obtain a semicircular or figured shape by heating and steaming.

The Viennese beech chair has become a real furniture revolutionary. Thanks to new production technology, elegant furniture has become available to everyone.

Michael Thonet and the Viennese Chair