European Beech: everything you need to know about beechwood and why it suits best for You

In fact, for Europeans and Ukrainians, European Beech is more than just a tree in the forest.
Germanic and Scandinavian tribes were using its thin bark for recording. That fact explains the striking similarity between the sound of the word Book and the breed name in Slavic, Scandinavian, and some Germanic languages.

Among the mountain Slavic Tribes, it was considered a sacred totem: young trees embargoed from cutting down, and mature trees were only with the elder’s permission. Beech was even with magical powers. With thin beech twigs, they were spellbound, looking for water. And the so-called Badnyak was made of beechwood — a ritual bearded figure that gets burned on Christmas Eve.

Not to mention the manufacture of countless household items — barrels, tables, chairs, musical instruments, benches, steps.
The name of one of the ethnic regions of Ukraine also arose due to the beechwood name — Bukovina.

What does European Beech look like?

European Beech averagely grows up to 30-40 meters (98-132 feet) high and usually lives for 300 years. However, there are higher 50-meter (164 feet) and older 400-year old specimens.
The trunk is high and wide, with smooth grayish bark and an evenly branched crown.

Among the trees, it’s recognizable by the smooth leaves of rich green color and funny fruits (yes, the European Beech bears fruit!). Its fruits have a triangular form, covered with soft needles, resembling a flat chestnut.

European Beech Trunk

Beechwood properties

European Beech is a sapwood species. Meaning its wood consists mainly of young and living tissue: therefore, lumber has a light color, a moderately pronounced texture, and bends very well. Over time, the bright color of the wood may change somewhat, acquiring a pink tint.

The density of a beechwood varies between 650-750 kg/m³. Hence in most countries, beech is classified as hardwood. Though in some nations classified as semi-hardwood.
Frankly, it doesn’t like moisture much: from stagnant soils, median rot appears in the trunk of a living tree, and lumber contacting moisture begins to rot fastly, change color, and crack.

For this reason, all Delav company products — edged boards, veneers, furniture boards — are stored in highly reliable, solid state-of-the-art warehouses.
It’s easy and pleasant to work with our lumber: it’s readily bent by steam, suitable for threading and lathe works, easily toned, and deeply impregnated with protective compounds.

Strengths and weaknesses 

In comparison to other breeds, it is worth it for you to buy wholesale beech lumber. 
And here’s why:

  • Density equal to oak at a more attractive cost.
  • The ability to acquire any color and deeply absorb dyes, protective compounds.
  • Versatility — there’s no industry where such sawn timber wholesale wouldn’t find applying.
  • Excellent elasticity, which makes it possible to bend the sawn timber after steam treating.
  • Strength, wear resistance, durability is spot on the money.

As for the weaknesses, they boil down to the following:

  • Possible cracking due to improper drying.
  • Sensitivity to moisture if not properly treated.
  • Deformation due to light, but the constant load (for example, wind on a rafter system).

A glimpse about Chernozem-grown European Beech

European Beech is not the world’s most demanding tree in terms of growing conditions. It is frost-resistant and can grow on any soil. In the lack of sunlight, it can remain depressed for more than 50 years. Moreover, in anticipation of healthier conditions, European Beech grows very slowly.
Hence the question of the quality of the wood that formed in such cramped conditions remains open — how would the lumber be if the tree grew in conditions of severely limited resources? 

That is why Delav company supplies lumber from European Beech grown on our black soil. 
Chernozem provides trees with perfect conditions for full development:

  • In its upper layers, chemical reactions occur, which release a large amount of heat that helps the thermophilic tree tolerate cold and frosts.
  • Regions united by the common name “Chernozem” usually have a sufficient amount of precipitation. Thus, there are no prolonged droughts so that growth occurs evenly, without abrupt interruption.
  • At the same time, Chernozem is rather loose, well saturated with oxygen, and without moisture stagnation soil. It is crucial because the excess moisture significantly hurts the root system of beeches, which leads to heartwood rotting.
Chernozem Soil Texture

Where is beech lumber wholesale used?

It’s much easier to count the industries where beechwood is unused because it’s beloved by masters from all over the world.

Doors made from it, walls and floors are finished with it, steps and all types of furniture from shelves to armchair and sofa frames. Handles for various tools, extract veneer, and plywood production.

It turns out that basketball bats and tennis rackets are also made from beechwood, as are many musical instruments, wooden toys, and children’s furniture.

We bet you didn’t know that about European Beech.

Even though people of the past almost idolized European Beech, people of the present time know very little about it and mainly in a furniture or construction context.

Meanwhile, the tree gives nutritious and tasty nuts used in the production of flour and oil. The beechwood itself is odorless, but it becomes a raw material for obtaining substances with strong aroma — tar, creosote.
In Germany today, for the production of smoked beer, malt is dried over an open fire by burning massive beech logs, which endow the grain with exceptional taste and aroma.

European Beech Fruits