Mighty, almost as dense as oak, after drying not prone to warping, wood with a delicate texture — the European Maple seems like and indeed is a dream tree.
Maple is popular with woodworkers, applied in the furniture industry, production of parquet, veneer, musical instruments, and kitchen utensils. Maple wood is pleasant to work with and easy to tint, thanks to the milky-white, creamy color.
European Maple usually grows in mixed forests without forming mono-plantings. But since Chernozem provides ideal conditions for growth, it is found much more often as mono-plantings thanks to the properties of the soil.
Therefore, specialized in Chernozem-grown timber, Delav company supplies lumber obtained from it in sufficient quantities.
What a tree looks like
European Maple or Norway Maple lives mainly up to 200 years and is suitable for harvesting lumber from 70 years old. The oldest known specimens lived up to 600 years. It often grows on the second level of forests. Thus, it has a unique ability — the leaves in the crown fold into a close mosaic to catch the maximum amount of sunlight.
European Maple is easily recognizable in the forest by its curly leaves with pointed edges, for which it is called holly. The bark changes over time from smooth, pale green to dark brown in cracks, like poplar.
Interestingly, maple leaves are not affected by pests at all. Its seeds germinate while under the snow, before any other species — a root appears first, which grows into the ground much later.
Maplewood belongs to high-dense hardwoods, so maple lumber is applied in the same industries as oak and ash: furniture and floor coverings production.
European Maple density can vary from 590 to 690 kg/m³. Sapwood dominates, the heartwood differs a little from sapwood, and the latewood is slightly darker.
The color of the wood depends on the age of the plant and the place of growth. Therefore, it can be milky-white, creamy, and even slightly pink. The heartwood rays are well visible in the texture.
Maple lumber — mainly sawn timber — bends well after steam treatment. But this technique is rarely used because the wood noticeably turns yellow. Maple requires professional drying in a well-fixed position. Otherwise, the wood will be severely cracked and warped.
Delav company operates state-of-the-art computerized kilns to ensure that the ideal drying conditions for a particular wood species. Our qualified specialists closely monitor the work and condition of each drying chamber, servicing them on time.
The maplewood is well polished and easily stained: the milky-white maple can be turned almost black without much effort. It does not chip and is therefore suitable for sharpening or hand-carving wood.
Weaknesses and strengths
Among the advantages of maple lumber:
- Versatility, multipurpose use
- Relatively cheap
- The density of oak and hardness of ash
- Able to be evenly tinted
- Resistant to scratches and uneven wear
- Stability under changing temperatures and humidity
Its only drawback can only be called the ability to turn yellow over time. That is due to the negative influence of ultraviolet radiation and low biological stability during outdoor operation.
A glimpse about Chernozem-grown European Maple
European Maple has a shallow root system and grows best on soil with a fertile top layer. It loves warmth, thus can restrain growth for a long time after too much frost.
That is why Chernozem provides the best conditions for growing that species.
First, its particularly fertile top layer with a high humus content provides plants with sufficient resources to fully climb and produce longer sawn timber over time.
Second, chemical processes that constantly take place in the upper layers of Chernozem heat the soil and, accordingly, the roots of trees, helping to survive long frosty periods easier.
Application of maple lumber
On an industrial scale, maplewood applies for furniture, flooring, and kitchen accessories production. Such products are more resistant to wear and tear and are not afraid of temperature changes and high humidity.
But keep in mind that you should not choose maple furniture or decor if you use them outdoors. Although the breed is not afraid of moisture, it has a lower resistance to biological threats. I.e., it readily lends itself to rot and is affected by mold and pests.
Maple sawn timber is a favorite for wall cladding: such a coating can effectively brighten a room, add space and lightness to it. It is suitable for the manufacture of doors, window sills, countertops.
European Maple is still the principal wood for veneer production, which Delav company supplies as well. Often musical instruments are made from maple: due to its uniform structure, its wood equally spreads sound waves in all directions.
We bet you didn’t know that about maple
Maple is practically a cult plant for the Japanese. They love it no less than the legendary Sakura and believed that autumn maple leaves are as beautiful as the most exquisite flowers.
You can even buy specific guidebooks with a list of places with the best view on maple groves or mountain slopes covered with young maple.